Skin cancer arises within the skin. It may occur anywhere on the body but more commonly occurs in sun exposed areas such as the head and neck and limbs. There are three common forms of skin cancer namely basal cell carcinoma, also known as BCC or rodent ulcers, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and malignant melanoma which is the most aggressive. Skin cancers are associated with sun exposure, the use of sun beds, advancing age and in some cases, a familial predisposition. The diagnosis of skin cancers can usually be made clinically and is usually confirmed by a skin biopsy. There are a number of methods to treat skin cancers dependent on the type. Surgery for skin cancers may involve surgical excision, followed by reconstruction. Some skin cancers may spread to the lymph nodes and can be detected by a procedure called sentinel lymph node biopsy. If this is positive, a lymph node clearance may be required. This is usually in the axilla, groin or the head and neck area. In some cases, surgery may not be the most appropriate treatment. If the disease is isolated to a single limb, isolated limb infusion may be an option.
Further information can be downloaded here in this Skin Cancer guide